The potato is a world-renowned plant with the largest number of wild and cultivated varieties.All cultivated species belong to the Solanum Tuberosum. Originally the potato comes from the Andes, where it was grown for thousands of years.Through excavations, we know that the potato was already present 13,000 years ago in parts of South America, including Chile, and 8,000 years ago also in Peru.They received all kinds of nicknames like Kuntur Warmi, which means: 'like a woman with the colour of the condor'.Or Quwi sullu: 'an unborn guinea pig'.
The potato is rich in nutrients. It contains no fats and has half the calories compared to rice and pasta. It consists of 80 per cent water. For the remainder, the potato contains minerals, vitamins and fibres, and it is a source of starch in the form of complex carbohydrates. The potato contains vitamin B complex and a large amount of vitamin C, which is comparable with the same values as most types of fruit.
Furthermore, the potato contains a high value of potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron and calcium. The potato therefore fits perfectly into a healthy lifestyle. Also, because of its versatility, the potato is a very popular product throughout the world.
The potato is the most suitable plant to continue feeding the growing world population. Because the potato yields have more nutritional value per hectare and requires less water than corn or rice. Moreover, the potato is easy to grow.